In the area of the world, known as the “cradle of civilization,” it is often that we find ancient structures during construction or archaeological digs. Not to be confused with the Derinkuyu underground city in the same region (which is a giant cave structure), this giant underground city is thought to be one of the largest in the world and one of the greatest archaeological finds of all time.
The city dates back as far as 5,000 years and is located near the NevÅŸehir fortress. The Cappadocia region, where this city and other underground cities are located, is ripe for underground habitation because the volcanic rock is easy to carve.
It was found during a dig, preparing to build a new section of the modern-day city. Since the discovery, all construction was halted and attention has been shifted to excavation. At least 44 historical objects have been removed and preserved so far.
The city was first noticed as spires began popping up through the dirt in 2013; it is only recently that the realization occurred that this is the largest underground city ever discovered.
It is thought that this amazing city that could accommodate up to 20,000 people and had amenities such as wine and oil presses,cellars,stables,storage rooms,chapels and refectories.It could be closed from the inside with large stone doors and each floor could be closed off separately.
It is thought to have been built in the 8th-7th centuries B.C. It may have been enlarged in the Byzantine era. During the Persian Achaemenid empire the city was used as a refugee settlement and many scholars believe that the city may have been built by the Persians. Although some question whether or not they would have had the technology to build such an advanced underground citry.
Here is a short video, highlighting the region and the underground caves that lie an hour drive south of the giant city:
If this ancient lost city interests you then I recommend you watch this hour long documentary courtesy of National Geographic > Full Documentary Here