For anyone, speaking a second language must be incredible. This writer is just beginning and is already enjoying it. What is also incredible is how the benefits of learning a second language can positively impact the brain. When researching this information awhile ago, this writer came across the scientifically-proven best way to learn another language, which will all be described in this article below.
The Cognitive Benefits
As a person begins to learn a new language, new neural pathways are created within the brain. A study done at the Swedish Armed Forces Interpreter Academy showed that recruits who began intensively studying a second language had increased the size of their hippocampus and three areas in the cerebral cortex, which was shown through MRI brain scans. Activation and growth of the hippocampus helps a person to create a better memory and memorization skills, scientists say.
Dr. Viorica Morian also found that learning a second language helps a person to become a better listener, because it requires your brain to discern between two sets of very distinctive sounds and to accurately identify those speech sounds. It also helps a person to have better focus, attention and concentration.
It can also help a person increase their intelligence in terms of scoring higher on a standardized reading, math and vocabulary test. Learning another language also helps to spark more creativity within the person.
Additionally, learning a new language helps the brain to process sensory information, which means a person can be more attuned to their environment and pick up information quicker and in a more attentive way. This partially explains why adults are able to learn a third language more quickly than a monolingual adult learns a second language.
The list of benefits goes on, which includes helping to stave off dementia and Alzheimer’s, having more empathy and being able to see different perspectives of a situation more clearly. In fact, the benefits are still only being discovered and it is believed that there is still much scientists don’t know about the benefits to the brain and the overall health of a person from learning another language.
Dr. Paul Pimsleur and The Scientifically Best Way To Learn A Language
There has arguably been no one more proficient in the science of language learning than Dr. Paul Pimsleur. Before he died in 1976, Dr. Pimsleur was one of the world’s foremost experts in applied linguistics. He taught French phonetics and phonemics at UCLA after obtaining his Ph.D. in French and a master’s degree in psychological statistics from Columbia University. He was fluent in English and French, was good in German and had a working knowledge of Italian, Russian, Modern Greek and Mandarin Chinese. With Pimsleur’s many discoveries, the most important ones where how a person most easily picks up and learns a second language. His core 4 principles now make up the language learning system known as the Pimsleur Method.
- Graduated-Interval Recall: His research on memory was one of his most revolutionary achievements. He discovered that if learners were reminded of new words at gradually increasing intervals, each time they would remember longer than the time before. He documented the optimal spacing for information to move from short-term into long-term, or permanent, memory. In a technical sense, he found that the brain’s ability to remember can be based on an algorithmic time sequence. The intervals published in Pimsleur’s work were: 5 seconds, 25 seconds, 2 minutes, 10 minutes, 1 hour, 5 hours, 1 day, 5 days, 25 days, 4 months, and 2 years.
- Principle of Anticipation: Our brains are hard-wired to automatically process speech and anticipate a correct response. It is an intricate thought process that most of us take for granted. Dr. Pimsleur’s research showed that new connections are activated whenever this dynamic system is triggered. By systematically asking for understanding, pausing for a response, and then reinforcing the correct response, Pimsleur method accelerates learning, increases understanding, and activates new neural pathways in the learner’s brain.
- Core Vocabulary: Effective communication in any language depends on mastery of a relatively limited number of words and structures. Trying to learn too much at once substantially slows the process, and many people quickly become discouraged. The Pimsleur method deliberately limits the amount you learn at any one time, which gives your brain a chance to internalize each new item before moving on. After this foundation is built, adding new words and phrases becomes easy and natural because there’s a clear framework to attach them to. For each Pimsleur phase, there are about 500 new words introduced. For example, the German Pimsleur has 5 phases, with 30 lessons per phase. So that is about 2,500 words and about 75 hours worth (30 minutes per lesson).
- Organic Learning: Every new item introduced in the Pimsleur method is given within the context of a conversation or exchange. This helps learning and retention of the material in a multitude of ways, from allowing your brain to automatically integrate intonation, rhythm, melody, and pronunciation, to embedding prompts for your memory. Pimsleur noted that any baby learns a language through the auditory system and so learning through hearing is the most effective way. The Pimsleur method uses only audio tracks for learning, which is convenient for most people. Some people do their lessons while driving to and from work.
This optimal method of learning a language is broken down into 30 minute lessons, at least once a day (2 or 3 times with the same lesson per day is even better).
This writer is still in the early stages of learning German but I know that this method is working for me. I am also adding in my own twist to learning it with this method by playing a theta frequency at the same time as the audio lesson is playing. The theta frequency allows for the brain to absorb and retain information better. Dr. Ifor Capel found in his studies that the theta frequency also produces catecholamines, which are important for memory and learning.
As noted in the first half of this article, learning a language is incredibly healthy for a person and I am finding it to be very fun, exciting and fulfilling.
I have personally found that Amazon is the most affordable place to buy the CDs. The Pimsleur method is available in about 50 languages, including German, Spanish, French, Italian, Chinese Mandarin, Arabic, Greek, Hebrew, Russian, Japanese, Korean, Portuguese and many others (all links are to Amazon).
Which language or languages do you want to learn?